Papiliopola

References and web sites

Books

[dabrera1980] Bernard D'Abrera. Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region. Lansdowne Editions, 1980. ISBN 0-7018-1029-7.

I used this book as the first reference to identify the butterflies photographed in Cameroon and Congo. This book is very complete and was an invaluable help. Nevertheless, I tried, when possible, to doublecheck with other sources the identifications and the names.

[dabrera1982] Bernard D'Abrera. Butterflies of the Oriental Region - Part I. Hill House, 1982. ISBN 0-9593639-0-4.

I used this book as the first reference to identify the butterflies photographed in China.

[dabrera1985] Bernard D'Abrera. Butterflies of the Oriental Region - Part II. Hill House, 1985. ISBN 0-9593639-1-2.

I used this book as the first reference to identify the butterflies photographed in China.

[dabrera1986] Bernard D'Abrera. Sphingidae Mundi: Hawk Moths of the World. E. W. Classey, 1986. ISBN 0-86096-022-6.
[dabrera2001] Bernard D'Abrera. The concise atlas of Butterflies of the World. Hill House, 2001. ISBN 0 947 352 37 6.

This magnificent book illustrates, for each of the 5 world regions defined by its author, almost all the known genus of <i>Papilionoidea</i>. Therefore, this is an axcellent tool to have (at least) a first idea when trying to identify exotic butterflies. D'Abrera takes the opportunity of this more widespread book to unleash a virulent attack against the evolutionist religon...

[tolmanle1999] Tom Tolman and Richard Lewington. Guide des papillons d'Europe et d'Afrique du nord. delachaux et niestlé, 1999. ISBN 2-603-01141-3.

Simply my reference for european butterflies. This is the translation, by lepidopterist Patrice Leraut, of the English book Collins Field Guide to Butterflies of Britain and Europe.

[handfield1999] Louis Handfield. Le guide des papillons du Québec, volume 1. Broquet, 1999. ISBN 2-89000-486-4.

The inventory of all the butterflies and moths living in Québec, that is, more than 1450 species, all illustrated with photographs, and coming with geographic distributions data and flying periods. A very very impressing work.

Articles

[hecq1976a] J. Hecq. Essai de classification du genre Euphaedra Hbn. (Lepid. Nymph. Afric.). Lambillionea, 76(5-6):38-48, October 1976.
[hecq1976b] J. Hecq. Essai de classification du genre Euphaedra Hbn. (Lepid. Nymph. Afric.) (Suite et fin). Lambillionea, 76(7-8):53-63, November 1976.

Web sites

[william2003] Mark C. William. Butterflies and Skippers of the Afrotropical Region (Papilionoidae and Hesperioidae): an Encyclopedia. http://www.ucl.ac.uk/taxome/lit/bsa/, 2003.

As stated by its title, this encyclopedia tries to exhaustively list the butterlies and skippers of the afrotropical region, with up-to-date data. I use this very well documented documents (distributions of species, data on early stages, knowns synonyms, etc.) to determine the actual names of the species I am interested with. It looks like this document cannot anymore be downloaded. It seems that it was available for several months only because of a configuration mistake on the web server which hosted it...

[hkls] Hong kong lepidopterists'society. http://hkls.org/.
[genus] Butterflies & moths of the world: Generic names & their type-species. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/butmoth/.

Up-to-date information on the validity of genus names and on their classification. The classification used follows what can be found on this site. Invaluable.

Rhopalocera

Papilionidae
Pieridae
Lycaenidae
Riodinidae
Nymphalidae
Hesperiidae

Heterocera

Cossidae
Drepanidae
Geometridae
Brahmaeidae
Sphingidae
Noctuidae
Arctiidae
Heterocera sp.